Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children

child running on pathway

As parents, the wellbeing and safety of your child is your paramount objective. That is why it raises some concerns when they find out their child has been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). More concerns are raised when they also find out that there is no known permanent cure for the condition.

Well, those concerns are natural and they should not make parents feel bad. The good news is that, according to CDC, the condition can be managed to make the symptoms less prominent as opposed to when the condition is not managed. In this article, we will take a look at what the best treatments are available, which is best recommended. Read more here.

Available Treatments for ADHD

Kindly note that even though there are various treatment methods available, the best option will depend greatly on the individual child and his family. It is also recommended that the parents will have to work with those who are closely associated with the child daily. Some of these individuals may include teachers, coaches, close relatives, therapists, healthcare providers, and guardians. Be sure to consult an expert or professional for accurate diagnosis of your child, you may find out more here.

The two well-known treatments for ADHD are:


Medication can help your children manage their condition daily while the symptoms will not necessarily adversely interrupt their everyday life. They will be better equipped to control the behaviors that they always struggle with. Make sure that any medication prescribed by any physician is FDA-approved to treat kids below 10 years of age.

The two groups of meds that are always prescribed are Stimulants and Nonstimulants. Read more here.

The time the meds will be taken, for how long it will be taken, and the dosage all depends on the physician. Also note that since no two children are the same, the same meds may not be prescribed for two children even though they might be experiencing the same symptoms. They might also adjust the medication from time to time based on their occasional checkups.

Behavior therapy

Since ADHD affects not just a child’s concentration but also his relationship with others (family and peers) one of the best treatments is known as behavior therapy. What behavior therapy does is simple: it helps the affected child learn and improve positive behaviors, thus gradually doing away with unwanted or negative behaviors. Behavior therapy can further be subdivided into three parts:

  • Behavior therapy with children
  • Behavioral interventions in the classroom
  • Parent training in behavior  management

It is best if therapy is started immediately the diagnosis is made. This will go a long way in preventing the worsening of the condition, thus making it less chronic as time goes on.

Which is the Best Treatment?

For children below the age of 6, medication should not be the first point of treatment. This is because behavior therapy can help them eliminate some unwanted traits right from this young age. The formative years of children are when they are more likely to be successful in doing away with such behaviors.

For children above 6 years of age, a combination of behavior therapy and medication is highly recommended.


Even though ADHD is presently incurable, it is not a death sentence. With proper treatment, it can be managed such that its effects will be less prominent. Together with a trained physician, parents can decide which treatment is best for a child.

Development of Motor Skills and Pre-Literacy Skills in Children

When we talk about pre-literacy skills, oral language skills the awareness of sounds will easily come to mind. It starts with learning the alphabets, and gradually placing two or more alphabets together to form a word. It also includes recognizing words that are heard and easily relating it to something already known.

With skills like the understanding of vocabulary, language, phonics, and numerology, it can be established that pre-literacy skills will give your child one of the best learning foundations that they can ever have.

With that said, this article will help you to see how motor skills are responsible for a child’s acquiring and mastery of motor skills. Read more here.

The Six Pre-Literacy Skills

These are vital skills a child needs to know for them to eventually master the art of reading and writing. It can be said that these skills will determine if your child is ready to learn or not. They are:

  • Print Motivation- this is your child’s interest in books that are filled with few words but lots of diagrams. Their interest in them will determine whether they will enjoy books or not. It has been revealed that kids who enjoy books will naturally grow to be curious and may want to learn things on their own.
  • Print Awareness- this is a child’s ability to notice these books. It also involves them learning how to handle the books as well as following the lines written on each page of the book.

What some parents do to help with these two skills is that they let their child start listening and reading books from day 1. This way, they will eventually form a longing for reading and learning.

  • Letter Knowledge- this is the identification of letters and being able to differentiate one letter from another. It also involves knowing the names, sounds of letters and the ability to recognize it when they see it.
  • Vocabulary- the ability to group two or more letters into one to form a word. One way to encourage this in children is to read a book to them and trying to explain new words to them.
  • Phonological Awareness- this is playing with words that have different sounds. It could be smaller words or bigger words.
  • Narrative skills- this brings into focus their narrative skills, like them describing what they see and events they do not want to forget.

The Role of Motor Skills Play

A research by Kid Sense highlights that all six pre-literacy skills mentioned above are vital if a child is to improve in learning. Since the fundamental motor skills acquisition is very much associated with the development of neuromotor, cognitive, social, and emotional aspects of childhood, we can rightly conclude that there is one thing common to all the six skills mentioned above: they are all controlled by motor skills. Read more here.

You can come to see why it is very important for a child’s motor skills to develop well and fast. It will determine what foundation they will be making for reading and learning.

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

2 children playing on a merry go round

This is one of the most common disorders related to neuro development in children. Even though it is mostly diagnosed during childhood, the effect can last into adulthood as it can only be treated for now. It is not encouraging to find out that it has no known cure at the moment.

How can you know when a child has Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? According to KidsHealth, such children might find it difficult to pay attention to simple things that kids their age may find easy to focus their attention on. Apart from that, they may also experience difficulty controlling other common impulsive behaviors. It will also be observed that they will easily do things without considering what the results or outcomes will be.

They will gradually become either hyperactive or unable to keep impulses in check, and this can affect a great deal of their childhood. It will affect how much they assimilate at school, cause them to lag behind their peers, and even at home, they will become disoriented in a more noticeable way to their parents and siblings. The way they express their emotions might be different from how others may express theirs and because of the difficulty they always have paying attention, they will always find it hard to learn new things. Read more here.

According to the W.H.O, it is a chronic condition.

Types of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

There are three types of ADHD and as their name suggests, each type is linked directly to a particular behavior. They are:

  • Inattentive type: this type of ADHD is commonly identified by the child getting distracted so easily and having a less desirable concentration span. They are also disoriented and disorganized. Even with much correction, it may take years to work on a particular trait, and that will take a great deal of work by both the parents and such a child.
  • Hyperactive Impulsive type: this type of ADHD is commonly evident in a child always interrupting either a conversation or work. They will always find it hard to complete a task as they are prone to interrupting it mid-way. It is also evident in how they take some weird risks. Read more here.

What are the causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Since this condition is neurobiological, most of the symptoms experienced by each child are dependent on their environment. According to research, several things might be responsible for ADHD including:

  • Genes and heredity: this means it can run in a family line. If a parent has the condition, that chance of a child having the same condition is 25%
  • Major head injury when young
  • When a child is born prematurely, his chances of having ADHD increases by 20%
  • Environmental hazards may also be responsible for a few cases of ADHD


Even though many parents and guardians act carefree by ignoring early signs of ADHD, this little insight provided by this article should be enough to alert you to any of the symptoms you may have noticed in your child.