What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

2 children playing on a merry go round

This is one of the most common disorders related to neuro development in children. Even though it is mostly diagnosed during childhood, the effect can last into adulthood as it can only be treated for now. It is not encouraging to find out that it has no known cure at the moment.

How can you know when a child has Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? According to KidsHealth, such children might find it difficult to pay attention to simple things that kids their age may find easy to focus their attention on. Apart from that, they may also experience difficulty controlling other common impulsive behaviors. It will also be observed that they will easily do things without considering what the results or outcomes will be.

They will gradually become either hyperactive or unable to keep impulses in check, and this can affect a great deal of their childhood. It will affect how much they assimilate at school, cause them to lag behind their peers, and even at home, they will become disoriented in a more noticeable way to their parents and siblings. The way they express their emotions might be different from how others may express theirs and because of the difficulty they always have paying attention, they will always find it hard to learn new things. Read more here.

According to the W.H.O, it is a chronic condition.

Types of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

There are three types of ADHD and as their name suggests, each type is linked directly to a particular behavior. They are:

  • Inattentive type: this type of ADHD is commonly identified by the child getting distracted so easily and having a less desirable concentration span. They are also disoriented and disorganized. Even with much correction, it may take years to work on a particular trait, and that will take a great deal of work by both the parents and such a child.
  • Hyperactive Impulsive type: this type of ADHD is commonly evident in a child always interrupting either a conversation or work. They will always find it hard to complete a task as they are prone to interrupting it mid-way. It is also evident in how they take some weird risks. Read more here.

What are the causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Since this condition is neurobiological, most of the symptoms experienced by each child are dependent on their environment. According to research, several things might be responsible for ADHD including:

  • Genes and heredity: this means it can run in a family line. If a parent has the condition, that chance of a child having the same condition is 25%
  • Major head injury when young
  • When a child is born prematurely, his chances of having ADHD increases by 20%
  • Environmental hazards may also be responsible for a few cases of ADHD


Even though many parents and guardians act carefree by ignoring early signs of ADHD, this little insight provided by this article should be enough to alert you to any of the symptoms you may have noticed in your child.